By Robert E. Bartholomew, Peter Hassall
This eclectic background of surprising crowd habit describes a wealthy collection of mass phenomena starting from the fun and quirky to the stunning and deplorable. What do fads, crazes, manias, city legends, ethical panics, riots, stampedes, and different mass expressions of emotion have in universal? via making a typology of such habit, prior and current, the authors convey how universal remarkable crew reactions to worry or pleasure are. and so they supply insights into how those occasionally harmful mob responses may be shunned.
We is probably not shocked to examine the peculiarities of the eu heart a long time, while superstition used to be common: just like the meowing nuns of France, "tarantism" (a dancing mania) in Italy, or the malicious anti-Semitic poison-well scares. yet related phenomena appear in our personal period. Examples contain the social-networking hysteria of 2012, which ended in uncontrollable twitching by way of teenage women in Leroy, long island; the "phantom bus terrorist" of 2004 in Vancouver, Canada; and the itching outbreak of 2000 in South Africa.
Vivid, particular, and punctiliously researched, it is a attention-grabbing evaluate of collective human habit in its many strange forms.
From the alternate Paperback edition.
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Extra info for A Colorful History of Popular Delusions
Highly competitive games foster greater feelings of belonging and dislike for those not on our team, which leads us 12 CHA P TER 1 to snowballing effects when we view the bad behavior of teammates as indications of how we are behaving. ” This is also true of mechanics or rules that don’t preclude murdering teammates with friendly fire, scooping up in-game resources that others need, or leaving teammates to be outnumbered by dropping out of a match when things don’t go your way. Emotional and physical arousal also play a part in the “I can’t see me” effect.
I’ll give you cash money if it was an even number. Was it an even number? It was? You win five dollars! ” Another task in their series of experiments was flipping a coin 10 times and trying to use the “power of your mind” to make it land on heads as much as possible. The researchers set subjects up to be able to cheat on this last one by recruiting them online and asking them to perform the task in the privacy of their dorm room. To motivate them to consider cheating, the experimenters offered $1 for every heads the subjects supposedly produced.
During a study supposedly testing the effects of stress (via shocking) on creativity, these anonymous ladies doled out longer electric shocks compared to counterparts with no such obstruction of their identities. And it didn’t matter if the target acted pleasant or surly—participants shocked her equally long. In reality, of course, the supposed recipients of the 75 volts were actors pretending to be electrocuted. In psychological parlance, this is called “lying,” and it is a very important tool when designing experiments.
A Colorful History of Popular Delusions by Robert E. Bartholomew, Peter Hassall