By Peter Chapman
During this compelling heritage of the United Fruit corporation, Financial Times author Peter Chapman weaves a dramatic story of huge company, deceit, and violence, exploring the origins of arguably some of the most arguable international enterprises ever, and the ways that their pioneering instance set the precedent for the institutionalized greed of today’s multinational companies.
The tale has its resource in United Fruit’s nineteenth-century beginnings within the jungles of Costa Rica. What follows is a damning exam of the company’s regulations: from the promoting of the banana because the first quickly meals, to the company’s involvement in an invasion of Honduras, a bloodbath in Colombia, and a bloody coup in Guatemala. alongside the way in which the corporate fostered covert hyperlinks with U.S. strength agents similar to Richard Nixon and CIA operative Howard Hunt, manipulated the clicking in new, and stoked the innovative ire of Che Guevara and Fidel Castro.
From the exploited banana republics of crucial the US to the concrete jungle of recent York urban, Peter Chapman’s Bananas is a full of life and insightful cultural background of the coveted yellow fruit, in addition to a gripping narrative concerning the notorious upward push and fall of the United Fruit corporation.
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Extra resources for Bananas: How the United Fruit Company Shaped the World
The state legislated three new measures that provided virtually free labor to the state and to the coffee plantations. The new highway tax Building States and Markets 47 required that every man provide two weeks of free labor to build or maintain the roads. The state exempted those who paid two quetzales, equivalent to two dollars. Rural day workers, primarily indigenous, received on average about one quetzal a week for their labor. Consequently, most indigenous men, unable to afford the exemption fee, had to provide two weeks of free labor to the state.
It was subsequently rumored that a secret pact had been signed in which former president Rafael Iglesias had agreed to hand the presidency over to Ascension Esquivel in I902 with the proviso that Esquivel would turn the presidency over to Gonzalez Viquez in I9o6. Recent historiography has further highlighted the recourse to fraud and absence of elite accountability. Samper's (I988) essay on sociopolitical forces and electoral processes analyzes Costa Rican elections up to I936 and concludes that electoral fraud, far from an aberration or imperfection, was an integral part of the electoral process.
In I905, there was no struggle for principles, much less ideologies. Politics revolved around the personality of each of the five candidates. (Oconitrillo I98I :43) When it became unclear whether Cleto Gonzalez Viquez would win the I906 elections, the government suspended individual guarantees, imprisoned and then exiled three of the presidential candidates on alleged charges of military conspiracy, and held a second round of elections, which Gonzalez Viquez won. It was subsequently rumored that a secret pact had been signed in which former president Rafael Iglesias had agreed to hand the presidency over to Ascension Esquivel in I902 with the proviso that Esquivel would turn the presidency over to Gonzalez Viquez in I9o6.
Bananas: How the United Fruit Company Shaped the World by Peter Chapman